Taken: 8 March 2021
Notes: The history of concrete is determined by the interpretation of the term concrete itself. In ancient times, crude cements were mixed by crushing and burning limestone and gypsum. When sand and water were introduced to these cements, mortar - a plaster-like material- was used as an adhesive, binding stones to each other. After thousands of years, these materials were developed and refined into the modern concretes we encounter so frequently today.
From the ruins of Mayan Uxmal to the dome of the Pantheon, concrete has had an enduring life since ancient times. The strong, gritty and uncompromising qualities of concrete not only makes up the urban landscape, they provide a technological, environmental and sociological insight into humanity overall - a fossilization of time.